Pajamas or pyjamas, normally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can check with a number of connected sorts of outfits originating from the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but at times also for lounging, also by the two sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas may make reference to many clothes, for equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variants of favor and substance.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 with the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five] The initial pyjāmā are free, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans in the course of East India Firm rule in India.
The around the world utilization of pajamas (the word and also the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India in the 18th and 19th generations, and also the British influence on the wider Western world throughout the Victorian era. Pajamas were released to England as "lounging apparel" as early since the seventeenth century, then generally known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nevertheless they quickly fell from style. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the 1st half of your nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a trend in Britain as well as the Western globe as sleeping attire for guys right up until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of use at enough time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This type of garment is used by several people in India e.g. by Females of various lessons, by Sikh Adult males, and most by Mohammedans of each sexes. It absolutely was adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of night time apparel, and it is synonymous with Long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It can be probable that we English took the habit similar to a very good numerous others with the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Clinic: "Ils ont force calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is now Employed in London retailers. An acquaintance furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty a long time back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was occasionally the situation with Individuals furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it truly is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Common pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers More mixture product of comfortable fabric, for example flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket element commonly features a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs. Many people prefer to sleep or lounge in just the pajama trousers, either that has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Because of this, pajama trousers for guys and boys are frequently bought as separates.
In colloquial speech, these standard pajamas will often be known as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally known as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas characteristic a fall seat (also referred to as a lure doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening inside the seat, built to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Fall seats had been quite common on pajamas built before the nineteen fifties, but during the early twenty-1st century They are really instead exceptional.
Modern pajamas are derived from regular pajamas. There are many versions in type which include brief sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different length, or, once in a while, a person-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating numerous resources. Mainly during the US, stretch-knit sleep attire with rib-knit trimmings are widespread. Ordinarily worn by children, these garments usually have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one particular-piece), and may be footed.
Whilst pajamas are often distinguished from More non-bifurcated sleeping garments including nightgowns, while in the US, they have got in some cases included the latter as a leading. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a sort of limited gown prime about shorts or small trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may well now check with women's combination daywear, especially in the US where they became popular in the early twentieth century, consisting of brief-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Samples of these involve capri More pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.